Northeast Brazil is a land of outstanding contrast: from gorgeous white-sand beaches, to arid, cactus-topped plateaus, and the humid montane slopes in between. This region has all the beauty and diversity that any birder could ever hope for. Perhaps what this area is best known for, however, is the stunning array of beautiful endemics that flourish in the diverse habitats of Ceara, Pernambuco, Alagoas and Bahia. With this in mind, our tour explores all the best sites in this fascinating region and offers an impressive bird list that includes Lear’s (Indigo) Macaw, the striking Araripe Manakin and rare White-collared Kite!
The immense state of Bahia is perhaps the most diverse in all of Brazil. We begin in the state of Ceara, visiting Serra de Baturite for Grey-breasted Parakeet, Ceara Gnateater and Buff-breasted Tody-Tyrant, before heading to Quixada for the rarely recorded Pygmy Nightjar and White-browed Guan. Chapada do Araripe puts us in position for the recently described Araripe Manakin and other superb species such as White-browed Antpitta and Great Xenops in advance of our visit to Canudos for the Critically Endangered Lear’s Macaw! The birding continues apace, as we head to Murici Reserve for a plethora of sought after species; the nearly extinct Alagoas Antwren, Scalloped Antbird, incredibly adorned Seven-colored Tanager, Orange-bellied Antwren and Alagoas Tyrannulet. White-collared Kite, Forbes’ Blackbird, Pinto’s Spinetail and Yellow-faced Siskin make up the target species near Tamandare before we head to Estancia for the endangered Fringe-backed Fire-eye. The next featured location is one of the best birding sites in Brazil, Chapada Diamantina. Hailed as perhaps the most breathtakingly beautiful of all Brazilian National Parks, it hosts a number of localised endemics including Hooded Visorbearer, the recently described Sincorá Antwren, Grey-backed Tachuri and Diamantina Tapaculo.
As our tour draws to a close, we head further south to Botumirim for the recently rediscovered Blue-eyed Ground Dove, before moving back towards the coast and Boa Nova. Located in the southwest of Bahia state where the Montane Atlantic forests meets Caatinga, this diverse location hosts over 430 bird species. Here we shall search diligently for the highly localised Slender Antbird, Narrow-billed Antwren, Bahia Spinetail and Pin-tailed Manakin. We then spend a few days in the delightful Serra Bonita Reserve, host to Pink-legged Graveteiro, Plumbeous Antvireo, Bahia Tyrannulet and Crescent-chested Puffbird before we end in the coastal lowlands of Porto Seguro where targets include White-winged Potoo, White-winged Cotinga, Bahia Antwren, Ochre-marked Parakeet, Red-browed Amazon and the rare Banded Cotinga. There are few tours that can offer over 100 endemics in a matter of 24 days, but this tour of North Eastern Brazil will do just that.
Hooded Visorbearer, Horned Sungem, Blue-eyed Ground Dove, Frilled Coquette, Wied's Tyrant-Manakin, Rusty-margined & White-browed Guans, White-collared Kite, Harpy Eagle, White-necked & Mantled Hawks, Pernambuco Pygmy Owl, Lear’s (Indigo) & Blue-winged Macaws, Grey-breasted, Jandaya, Blue-throated, Plain, Golden-capped & Cactus (Caatinga) Parakeets, Red-browed & Scaly-headed Parrots, Golden-tailed Parrotlet, Gould’s Toucanet, Red-legged Seriema, Spot-winged Wood Quail, Pygmy, Scissor-tailed, Little & Rufous Nightjars, Ochraceous, Golden-spangled, Spotted & Tawny Piculets, Yellow-throated & Blond-crested Woodpeckers, Araripe, Band-tailed, Blue-backed, White-bearded, Red-headed, Blue & Kinglet (Eastern Striped) Manakins, Pale-bellied Tyrant-Manakin, White-winged & Banded Cotingas, Spot-backed Puffbird, Buff-breasted, Stripe-necked & Hangnest Tody-Tyrants, Yellow-eared Woodpecker, Rufous-breasted Leaftosser, Ceara Gnateater, Lesser & Plain-brown (taunayi subspecies) Woodcreepers, Broad-tipped Hermit, Diamantina & White-breasted Tapaculos, Hooded & Black-headed Berryeaters, Caatinga, Rufous-winged, Tufted, Silvery-cheeked, Sooretama Slaty, Rufous-capped, White-shouldered (distans subspecies) & Planalto Slaty Antshrikes, Willis’s, Stripe-backed, Slender, Rio de Janeiro, Ferruginous, Ochre-rumped, Scaled, White-bibbed & Scalloped Antbirds, Sincora, Streak-capped, Bahia, Rufous-winged, Band-tailed, Caatinga, Pectoral, Alagoas, Orange-bellied & Southern White-fringed Antwrens, White-browed Antpitta, Such’s Antthrush, Caatinga Cacholote, Collared Crescentchest, Eared & Rufous-sided Pygmy Tyrants, Cinnamon-vented Piha, Bahia Tyrannulet, Velvety-black Tyrant, Fork-tailed Tody-Tyrant, Grey-backed Tachuri, Greenish Schiffornis, Campo Oriole, Pale Baywing, Spix’s (Chicli), Grey-breasted, Bahia, Pallid, Ochre-cheeked, Red-shouldered, Sooty-fronted & Pinto’s Spinetails, Great Xenops, Ash-throated Casiornis, Smoky-fronted Tody-Flycatcher, Forbes’ Blackbird, Bearded Bellbird, Pernambuco & White-collared Foliage-gleaners, Alagoas Tyrannulet, Hook-billed, Scale-throated, Broad-tipped & Margaretta’s Hermits, Long-tailed Woodnymph, Raquet-tailed Coquette, Black-bellied Thorntail, Fringe-backed, White-shouldered & White-backed (pernambucensis subspecies) Fire-eyes, Grey-eyed Greenlet, Silver-breasted, Brazilian, Scarlet-throated & Seven-colored Tanagers, Black-billed Scythebill, Striated Softtail, Sharpbill, Blue Finch, White-throated Seedeater, Grey Pileated Finch, Yellow-faced Siskin, Red-cowled Cardinal.
humid and semi-deciduous forests, Atlantic Rainforest, Chapada, cloud forest, lowland forest, lowland Atlantic Rainforest, dry forest, scrub, caatinga and cerrado
warm to hot and humid, cooler in the higher lying areas
Max Group Size
8 with 1 Rockjumper leader & local birding leader
Tour Pace & Walking
Our Mega tours are very fast-paced birding adventures designed for the dedicated lister and serious birder. The focus of the tour is to see as many of the endemics and area specials as possible in our given time. In order to cover the necessary route to maximise the species list we tend to spend a single night at most sites and travel large distances. There is very little down time aside from that spent driving from one site to the next. These tours are not suitable for dedicated or avid photographers; inexperienced or new birders; as well as anyone with serious mobility or health challenges.
mostly comfortable, with some rustic locations
Ease of Birding
moderate with some tricky species
Number of Species Expected
>450 with +-100 endemics
very good, but limited by time